Money is information that is communicated through an economy. Every 50 or so years, the system gets smarter. In 1913, the Federal Reserve stepped in to create a distributed banking system. The Euro dollar banking system was outside of the US and was an informal bank network that linked the world's financial systems that started around the 1960s ish. This led to the Blockchain based financial system that was built after 2008, starting with Bitcoin. Bitcoin and Ethereum are both rules-based monetary systems that are programmed and can't be changed by a centralized group. Anybody can plug into the system and become a validator, and if a rule is broken, you lose your money. Staking is when validators put up money to support the system and get rewards for verifying transactions.
Validators on the Ethereum blockchain receive rewards in ETH for verifying transactions. The more ETH a validator has, the more lottery tickets they can buy, increasing their chances of winning. The winner gets to propose a new block of transactions, but if they cheat they lose their tickets and ETH stake. This system is an automated way to enforce rules, and is more transparent than a traditional financial system, as everyone can look into the blockchain to see what is happening.
0:01:18 Discussion on the History of the Federal Reserve System 0:03:55 Exploring the Evolution of Money: A Discussion on the Impact of Trust and Transparency in Financial Systems 0:10:56 Exploring the Benefits of Blockchain-Based Financial Systems